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United (P44)

Built By: Vickers (Barrow)
Build Group: U Grp2
Fate: Scrapped on 12th February 1946 at Troon.

ex P44

Barrow submarine HMS United (P44) was a U Class boat - and so far has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to bear that name.

In 1942 the boat completed work-up in the Clyde area before heading for service in the Mediterranean on April 29. While in the Atlantic on May 7 she carried out an attack on a submarine which missed.

In June she carried out a patrol south east of Sardinia during Operation Harpoon, the transit of a Malta relief convoy through the western Mediterranean.

United spent most of the war in the Mediterranean, where she sank the small Italian merchant Rostra, the Italian auxiliary submarine chaser V39/Giovanna, the Italian destroyer Bombardiere, the French merchant Ste Marguerite and the Italian merchant ship Olbia.

During the Allied invasion of Sicily, United spotted the Italian transport submarine Remo on the surface and sank it with a torpedo.

Another ship to come out second best to United was the Italian transport ship Rosolino Pilo, which sank after already being damaged by motor torpedo boats.

In 1944 the submarine was deployed for anti-submarine training, at first for Western Approaches escorts and then at St John's in Newfoundland, after passage via Bermuda. This duty lasted from September 1944 until 26th June 1945. The submarine then carried out visits to US ports before returning to the United Kingdom, via Bermuda, on September 9.

United was paid-off at Londonderry on October 14 in 1945 and placed in Reserve at Lisahally, Ulster.

Having survived the war, United was delivered to Troon for scrapping in February 1946.


Events

25-02-1941 : Laid Down
18-12-1941 : Launched
02-04-1942 : Completed
13-08-1942 : HMS United torpedoes and sinks the Italian transport ship Rosolino Pilo 50 nautical miles off Pantellaria.
17-09-1942 : HMS United sinks the small Italian merchant Rostro and the Italian auxiliary submarine chaser V 39/Giovanna with gunfire near Misurata, Libya.
01-10-1942 : HMS United torpedoes and damages the Italian merchant Ravenna near Locri, Calabria, Italy. The Ravenna was already grounded after air attack.
19-10-1942 : HMS United torpedoes and damages the Italian tanker Petrarca about 20 nautical miles west of Lampedusa Island.
08-11-1942 : HMS United attacks the damaged Italian light cruiser Attilio Regolo with torpedoes of Capo San Vito, Sicily, Italy. The torpedoes miss.
17-01-1943 : HMS United torpedoes and sinks the Italian destroyer Bombardiere about 20 nautical miles north-west of Isola Marettimo, Sicily, Italy.
14-06-1943 : HMS United torpedoes and sinks the French merchant Ste Marguerite one nautical mile south of Capo del Armi.
20-06-1943 : HMS United torpedoes and sinks the Italian merchant Olbia about 20 nautical miles south of Cape Spartivento, Italy.
15-07-1943 : The Italian submarine Remo was torpedoed and sunk in the Gulf of Taranto by the British submarine HMS United
12-02-1946 : Scrapped at Troon.


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